Patient Resources

Patient Resources:
ENDOCRINOLOGY DISORDERS

Adrenal Nodules

Nodules on the adrenal glands are a common finding: around 3 to 5 percent of healthy persons. Most are discovered incidentally as part of an unrelated diagnostic test such as a CT scan or MRI imaging of the abdomen. Most patients with adrenal nodules are completely asymptomatic.
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Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes is a disease of elevated blood glucose. There are two main types of diabetes mellitus. Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes.
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Gonadal Disorders: Low Testosterone

Low testosterone in men is called hypogonadism. Hypogonadism occurs due to inadequate production of testosterone and sperm by the male testis. It can be classified as congenital (present at birth) or acquired. The vast majority of cases are acquired.
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Gonadal Disorders: PCOS

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder of reproductive-aged women, affecting between 6–8% of all such women. There is a higher incidence in women with a family history of PCOS, a personal for family history of diabetes, as well as in Hispanic women or overweight women.
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Pituitary Tumors

All patients with pituitary tumors need to be evaluated by an endocrinologist, especially prior to considering a surgical procedure. Since pituitary disorders are some of the most complex of any endocrine problems, it is very important that the treating endocrinologist have a strong background in the diagnosis and treatment of pituitary diseases.
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Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a progressive loss of bone density. This loss of structural content means bones are thinner and more fragile. In severe cases, a hug from a grandchild or simply opening a window may cause a fracture.
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Vitamin D Deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency is one of the most commonly encountered vitamin deficiencies in the developed world. It is more prevalent in the elderly, during winter months, and in northern latitudes, but is still surprisingly common–even in sunny southern Nevada. Vitamin D deficiency is seen more commonly in patients with digestive disorders (inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, malabsorption) and after gastric bypass or lap-band surgery.
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Parathyroid Disease: Hyperparathyroidism & Hypoparathyroidism

Blood calcium levels play a very important role in many bodily functions. These include bone building, liver function, heart and muscle strength and even how blood clots. The parathyroid gland sits next to the thyroid gland in the neck. They continuously monitor your blood calcium level, and produce parathyroid hormone (PTH) to correct and maintain a proper calcium level. People typically have four parathyroid glands. Health problems may arise when there is an excess or lack of parathyroid hormone.
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Is My Thyroid OK?

The specialists at the Nevada Thyroid Institute treat thousands of patients with thyroid disorders every year. We take pride in the care we provide, as well as our high approval ratings on patient satisfaction surveys.
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Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is more correctly called thyrotoxicosis and results from elevations in the concentration of thyroid hormones in the blood. It results in illness due to acceleration of body metabolism.
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Hypothyroidism

A condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.
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Thyroid Cancer

The thyroid gland is located in the lower front of the neck, below the larynx (“Adam’s Apple”) and above the collarbones. Thyroid cancer (carcinoma) usually appears as a painless lump in this area. In most cases, the lump affects only one side, and the results of thyroid function tests (blood tests) are usually normal.
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Thyroid Nodule

The thyroid gland is located in the lower front of the neck, below the larynx (“Adam’s apple”) and above the collarbone. A thyroid nodule is a lump in or on the thyroid gland. Thyroid nodules are common and detected in about 6.4% of women and 1.5% of men; they are less common in younger patients and occur 10 times as often in older individuals, but are usually not diagnosed.
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Thyroid Uptake and Scan

This test is used to determine the cause of hyperthyroidism. Because administration of very small doses of radioactive iodine is involved, women of reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test before the test can be performed. The doses of radioactive iodine involved in this test are very low, and do not pose a risk to the patient or individuals they come in contact with.
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